The Most Influential Poets of Iran

Iran is home to some of the most well-known and influential poets in the world. Tremendous works of art, the words of Persian poetry give an insight into the culture of the country. The poems keep inspiring generations after generations of Iranians, and others around the globe. Here is a look at some of the most well-respected Iranian poets. 


Rumi is one of the most famous poets to originate from Iran. He held Sufi beliefs, which is reflected in his poetic work. He played a significant position as a leader and spiritual teacher in the 13th century, too. Delving into works about love and divinity, Rumi’s work is incredibly touching with his bold lyricism and form of expression. To learn more about his intricate craft, read the Masnavi. You will find over 20,000 verses of his work discussing the relationship between God and the self. Dip in to endless tales and analogies about the subject. 

Omar Khayyam 

The top of the Mausoleum of Omar Khayyam

Not just a poet, Omar Khayyam has had a great influence on many fields of work – most notably, philosophy, mathematics and astronomy. The Iranian calendar is based on his astronomical findings, while he made excellent contributions to the world of algebra. The 19th century brought Khayyam’s poetry to life and translations reached a wider audience than ever before. The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam is essential reading if you’re interested in his poetry. He writes so touchingly about love and the delicacy of life. The Mausoleum of Omar Khayyam can be found in Nishapur.


If you’re a fan of Hafez’s beautiful work, the Musalla Gardens in Shiraz holds a marble tomb dedicated to the poet. Many from all over Iran, and the world, come to pay their respects to this great artist. For its his use of impressive metaphors and distinct imagery which has attracted readers over the years. Should his words being taken literally or is there a hidden meaning behind that verse? It’s all up to the reader. 


Ferdowsi’s tomb – Photo by Flickr user: jiahung li

The longest work of poetry was produced by the great Ferdowsi. Filled with over 60,000 verses, the Shahnameh makes Ferdowsi one of the most well-known poets from Iran. His impressive piece of work takes you through the history of the country up until the 7th century Sassanid period. Ferdowsi masters the craft of character creation perfectly. Showing the light and dark in every being, he encourages the good side to always be taken by his readers. The tomb of Ferdowsi can be found in Toos, Mashhad. Composed of a white marble base and edifice, many from all over the country flock here to feel the beauty of Ferdowsi’s craft.

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